On a web server running on top of CentOS 7, the default version of PHP is still stuck on php 5.4.x
php -v PHP 5.4.16 (cli) (built: Apr 1 2020 04:07:17) Copyright (c) 1997-2013 The PHP Group Zend Engine v2.4.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2013 Zend Technologies with the ionCube PHP Loader (enabled) + Intrusion Protection from ioncube24.com (unconfigured) v10.0.3, Copyright (c) 2002-2017, by ionCube Ltd.
Typically your front facing web-server will typically run a later version of php. Most modern control panels also make it easy for you to switch between different versions of php, and typically have multiple versions installed simultaneously. This is the case with Plesk Obsidian. Here we look at how you can easily run a different version of php depending on your requirement. e.g. if running the latest version of Drush with say Drupal 9 will likely require at least php 7.3
If you know the path of php you can use like this without having to modify your path settings. Typically php on plesk is stored in /opt/plesk/php/[version] so something like this should get you started.
/opt/plesk/php/7.3/bin/php /path/to/project/vendor/bin/drush updb